Unpopular professions are generally understood as professions with low employment rates and poor exams. However, with the changes in the times and social needs, some of the “unpopular” professions in the eyes of the public have become popular. The future of the toon.
Aerospace and Aerospace Major
Aerospace-related professional employment rate is as high as 97 ~98%, the average monthly salary of graduates after five years reached 10,635 yuan, ranking the top three in all professions.
Today, the world aerospace market has reached hundreds of billions of dollars and is growing steadily at around 10% per year. China’s investment in this field has also increased significantly in recent years, and a series of supporting policies to encourage the development of the aerospace industry have been introduced and implemented.
With the rapid development of society, China’s demand for aerospace talents must be more and more. The aerospace industry, which has been frequently cold, has become a hot spot in the job market.
Remote Sensing Science and Technology
In fact, weather maps of weather changes in the weather forecast, surveillance shooting of spy satellites in large European and American movies, geological predictions in earthquake disasters, etc. Etc., both include remote sensing science and technology. Although remote sensing is around us, in China, since the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake used aerial photos to obtain live photos, remote sensing began to formally enter the mainstream.
In the surveying and mapping profession, remote sensing professional is a new and small subject, and surveying and mapping work is difficult to become the most popular profession, but the market always needs professional talents, and it is impossible to lack it.
In addition to local quality, environmental institutions and other institutions, engaged in theoretical research work, with the development of the Internet industry, Tencent, Alibaba, Baidu and other large companies are making more and more geographic information for surveying and mapping. The talents have an increasing demand.
The development of environmental science is changing with each passing day. It is foreseeable that remote sensing technology will play an increasingly important role in the fields of meteorology, military industry, water conservancy and transportation. China’s remote sensing industry is still in the early stages of development, and graduates of remote sensing majors will have a lot to do in the future.
Internet of Things Project
Internet of Things Engineering offers foundation courses and core courses In two major categories, students mainly study the methods and techniques of information flow, material flow and energy flow interaction and mutual conversion, and have strong engineering practice characteristics. Students need to learn dozens of courses, including computer courses, information and communication engineering, analog electronics, IoT technology and applications, and IoT security technologies, while also laying a solid foundation in mathematics and physics.
In addition, excellent foreign language ability is also a prerequisite, because the current research and development and application of the Internet of Things is mainly concentrated in countries such as Europe and the United States, students need to read foreign materials and respond to international exchanges.
Because the Internet of Things is an interdisciplinary subject involving communication technology, sensing technology, network technology, RFID technology, embedded system technology, etc., it is very difficult to learn this knowledge in depth at the undergraduate level. And some of the IoT Research Institute’s core technical work positions require a master’s degree, so undergraduate graduates can start from the knowledge related to the Internet of Things, identify the professional direction, lay a solid foundation, and enhance the practice and application capabilities.
Data Science and Big Data Technology
Undergraduate majors and big data correspond to the “Data Science and Big Data Technology” major, which is the Ministry of Education in 2015. New professional announced.
Data science and big data technology is a very practical and emerging cross-composite discipline. Mathematics, statistics, and computer must have three major courses. On the basis of these background disciplines, colleges and universities cross-integrate other professional knowledge skills.
At present, there are three major employment directions for big data: big data system development, big data application development, and big data analysis. Specific positions such as: big data analysts, big data engineers, etc.
Big data analysts use a proper statistical analysis method to analyze the large amount of data collected, emphasizing the application of data, focusing on statistical content. For example, as a product manager, you can build financial models through data to launch some wealth management products. Big data engineers focus on technology, mainly around system-level R&D of big data platforms.
Intelligent Science and Technology
Intelligent Science and Technology undergraduate major is a fusion Interdisciplinary majors in many subject areas such as electrical, computer, sensing, communication, and control, and multidisciplinary cooperation and mutual research.
It involves robotics, microelectromechanical systems, intelligent systems based on next-generation network computing, and various intelligent technologies and systems closely related to national economy, industrial production and daily life.
The major areas of employment for this major include electronic information, automation, computers, intelligent science and technology. Graduates are mainly engaged in product development, system testing, technical support and consulting, product sales, etc. All kinds of schools and research institutes are engaged in corresponding teaching and research work.
Intelligent robots are new materials, new processes, new energy, global positioning navigation, mobile internet, cloud computing, big data, automation, etc. The product of disciplines and technology.
According to the development plan of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, by 2020, the installed capacity of industrial robots will reach 1 million units, which will require about 200,000 industrial robot application practitioners. This means that in the future, an average of more than 30,000 industrial robot application talents need to be trained each year.
Smart Grid Information Engineering
The subject area of smart grid information engineering and The categories are broad, covering electrical engineering, energy technology, information technology, control technology, computers and other fields.
The smart grid information engineering major mainly includes two parts: power grid and information engineering. The power grid transmits energy and belongs to strong electricity. The signals transmitted by radio, electronics, communication and network are mainly weak current. Therefore, the professional courses include “strong power” and “weak electricity”.
With the rapid development of the social economy, the dependence on electricity consumption in various industries has been significantly enhanced, and the requirements for power supply reliability and power quality are increasing.
To this end, countries around the world have focused their attention on the construction of power grids, hoping to build their own power grids into smart grids that are efficient, clean, safe, reliable and interactive. Smart grid has become a common trend in the development of the world’s power grid. The development of the power industry has also brought unprecedented opportunities to relevant professional development.
Photoelectric Information Science and Engineering
Optoelectronic Information Science and Engineering is made up of optics, The combination of optoelectronics, microelectronics, communication, computer and other multidisciplinary disciplines involves the conversion of optical information, transmission, detection and photoelectric information.
In 2012, the Ministry of Education adjusted the professional name and merged five majors: optical information science and technology, optoelectronic technology science, information display and optoelectronic technology, photoelectric information engineering, optoelectronic materials and devices into “optoelectronic information science”. And engineering.”
The employment of graduates of this major is mainly in scientific research units and universities, engaged in photoelectric information engineering and technology, photoelectric signal detection, optoelectronic technology, optical communication technology, photoelectric measurement and control, precision engineering, information electronics. Research, design, application and management in the fields of technology and laser technology.
Ideological and Political Education Major
In recent years, the ideological and political education profession is quietly becoming “hot.”
First, the country’s policy orientation has increased its attention.
Second, the curriculum of the ideological and political majors is very important for students to understand the society, to understand the society, to integrate into society and to adapt to society in the future, and to guide their emotions, attitudes and values more than any other discipline. The education of students’ morality, morality, outlook on life, values, and worldview will affect their life.
The Pediatrics Department of Paleontology was founded in 2008. Every year, there is a low frequency of only one graduate. Last year, it was already a “six-generation single biography” – which also made Peking University’s paleontology major a special existence of higher education in China.
But this is also a “promising future” profession. In the past few years, Xue Yifan, who was experiencing a “one person’s graduation photo”, is currently admitted to the Ph.D. in medical informatics at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. He is a paid doctoral degree and is optimistic about his graduation.
The interdisciplinary nature of paleontology determines that it has a lot of choices, so employment is not a problem. In recent years, the construction of museums across the country has been climaxed, and the demand for talents in research and exhibitions is also quite large.