Corals resistance to disease too depends on their ability to maintain healthy surface microbiomes, community microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. Several years have shown that the corals are unique microbes on their surfaces, but the mechanisms of how the composition and maintenance of this society was not known. Published in a new study Biology of communications, NYU Abu Dhabi Assistant Professor Shady Amin Philip Schmitt-Kopplin with Helmholtz Center Munich, reports that corals, although they are inpatient organisms able to change their backyard by producing unique molecules that can help recruit healthy microbiomes and fight parasitic microbes.
How is our health related to maintaining healthy intestinal microbes, corals also resist the disease by maintaining healthy surface microbiome. The paper is the first time that corals around the cloud cloud molecules that form the concentration gradients around the coral colonies and help the structure of microbial communities, also known as surface microbes living on coral surfaces. The results of these conclusions are much higher, because these microbial topics are closely linked to the corals of the whole world with healthy or infected disease.
The use of water samples from the 18 coral colonies on the Abu Qayyah shore, each of which was selected from distances from the coral surface, was found by researchers to acrobora and Plateau corals harbor unique bacteria and molecules on their surface, distinctly different from the surrounding sea. These molecules were defined as a chemical-attached, antibacterial or molecular signal, supposed that they could form microorganisms associated with the coarse surface. Their conclusions show that there is a clear gradient of molecules that surrounds the molecule that can help the bacteria and / or protect against parasitic bacteria.
In addition, researchers have found surface associated molecules that are distinguished by healthy or white syndrome disease infected colorees that can be detected in predicting the disease.
"This is the first view of how the crowns are adapted to their environments in their environment. If we understand that the types of crowns of the molecules must maintain a healthy surface microorganism, we can determine when diseases and bleaching are likely to be avoided," said Amin.
Materials provided New York University. Note: Edit content for style and length.