In the early summer, the weather is mainly hot and humid, which is the high season of various infectious diseases! Experts reminded that it is necessary to focus on prevention of intestinal infectious diseases such as hand, foot and mouth disease, respiratory infections such as mumps and scarlet fever, insect-borne diseases such as dengue fever, etc…
1. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Risk Index: ★★★★☆ Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease is a common infectious disease caused by enterovirus. It can be infected in different age groups. The following children are the mainstays, with the highest incidence among children aged 3 and under. The annual outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease has gradually increased since March, 4-6 months is the high season of hand, foot and mouth disease. Therefore, it is the epidemic season of the disease.
Children with hand, foot and mouth disease will show export pain, anorexia, low fever, and symptoms such as small herpes or small ulcers in the hands, feet, and mouth. A small number of children can cause serious complications such as myocarditis, pulmonary edema, encephalitis, etc. Individual severely ill children develop rapidly and cause death. EV71 is the main cause of severe cases of hand, foot and mouth disease and death. The currently marketed EV71 vaccine can effectively prevent EV71-related hand, foot and mouth disease and other diseases caused by EV71 infection (such as herpes angina). The following measures are needed for hand, foot and mouth disease ↓
☞Active prevention: Pay attention to family sanitation and personal hygiene to prevent transmission to adults due to recessive infections child. During the epidemic, children should be avoided in public places where people gather and have poor air circulation. Frequent ventilation and diligent clothing at home;
☞Health monitoring: During the isolation treatment of children, parents and caregivers should closely observe the condition, such as persistent high fever, Drowsiness or limb tremors, etc., may progress to severe illness in a short period of time, should immediately send the child to the hospital for treatment;
☞Isolated: Home isolation time limit for all symptoms of the child One week after disappearing, during this period, children should avoid going out, and do not go to public places where kindergartens and people gather to avoid contact with other children.
2. Mumps risk index: ★★★★☆Mumps, an acute respiratory infection caused by mumps virus infection, The parotid gland is the most contagious when swollen. Common in children and adolescents. The mumps virus mainly invades the parotid glands around the buccal earlobe on both sides. In addition to the parotid gland, the virus can also invade other glandular tissues and organs, such as the pancreas, gonads, brain tissue, heart, and joints. People are the only source of infection. Preventing mumps needs to do this ↓
☞The disease is highly contagious, and should be kept open to ventilate and keep air circulation;
☞ Collective units such as schools, factories and enterprises should strengthen morning inspections, discover and isolate patients in time, and do daily isolation and disinfection of child care institutions;
☞Improve children with susceptible vaccination against vaccination.
3. Foodborne Diseases Risk Index: ★★★★☆ Foodborne diseases are food-borne diseases. The main clinical manifestations are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and other symptoms, which may be accompanied by fever. In severe cases, dehydration may occur. The disease has the characteristics of sudden onset, multiple cases of family infection, school and child care and other collective units showing collective food poisoning.
The recent crayfish are gradually on the market, and collective gatherings are increasing. The small partners should be alert to the occurrence of foodborne diseases.
Protection of foodborne diseases requires attention to the following points↓
☞Reducing pollution, controlling the temperature of food preservation, storage time of cooked foods, preventing rapid bacterial growth and toxin production;
Synthesis should be separated to prevent cross-contamination; foods with longer storage time should be thoroughly heated before consumption;
☞Please pay attention to the hygiene of drinking water
4 Scarlet fever risk index: ★★★☆☆
Scarlet fever is an acute respiratory infection, mainly transmitted by airborne droplets. This disease can occur at any age, is more common in children, and the epidemic often occurs in schools or child care institutions. It was characterized by fever, angina, diffuse red rash and rash after the body. Preventing scarlet fever should take these measures↓
☞Be careful of ventilation, try to avoid crowded, poorly ventilated public places;
☞ Keep personal hygiene, do Wash your hands frequently, sneeze your nose and mouth;
☞ Avoid overwork, pay attention to rest and exercise, and improve your body’s resistance.
5. Dengue Fever Risk Index: ★★★☆☆ Dengue fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Aedes mosquito caused by the dengue virus. The clinical features are protuberance fever, general muscle, bone, joint pain, extreme fatigue, rash, swollen lymph nodes and leukopenia. The epidemic season is the season of hot and humid weather and mosquito breeding.
Dengue mosquitoes like to breed in stagnant water beaches, puddles, flower pots, barrels, paint cans, etc. that have accumulated water for a long time. 8-10 am and 4-6 pm is the peak period of Aedes mosquitoes that spread dengue fever. Mosquitoes generally move 50-100 meters near the breeding grounds. Therefore, during the peak hours of their activities, they are easily bitten within 100 meters of their breeding grounds.
Anti-mosquito and mosquito killing is the fundamental measure to prevent this disease↓
☞Improve the hygienic environment, clean up the water in the home flower pots, waste pots, eliminate the breeding grounds of Aedes mosquitoes, spray Mosquito-killing agents eliminate adult mosquitoes;
☞ Avoid staying in shades of darkness such as shades, grasses, gazebos, etc. during frequent periods of Aedes mosquitoes;
Wearing long-sleeved clothes in light colors And trousers, bare skin with insect repellent, especially in the back of the ear, neck and other parts;
When going out to camping tents, pay attention to clear weeds, debris, pay attention to the nearby sewage, Keep away from hidden places such as earthen jars and tree holes, and spray insect repellents around the net while using mosquito nets.
These disease partners who are prone to high fever in early summer are taking precautions to keep these diseases away from us and their families!