The Women's World Cup is in spring, and today Americans come out against France in order to increase the fight in the semi-final. This year's American team is stronger as a person (they currently have equal pay with the US Football Federation) and in the style of the tournament in Thailand 13-0.
This year's team is also unique because it's the first American women's football team for women who chose to skip college football and go straight to positive. Maloru Faug and Lindsey Hornan were the first American women's players to make this decision, but they are boring. This year, Olivia Malti became a young American woman who started her proposal when she was signed by Portland Thorns's football club at the age of 13. Despite the fact that before college, prostration is more common in men's sports, practice in women's sports too.
Their stories are enough to allow you to lock the screen and start running the circle. Horan and Puru played at the age of 5 and 4. Moultrie played for boys at the time, when he was 10 years old and signed an agreement with North Carolina University the following year. They are incredible, young, oriented athletes. They were not locked in another sport; They were united and excellent.
Specialization, concentrating one particular sport, may be great for big children. They develop early skills and if they wish they can compete with elite levels. For sports, such as gymnastics, where the competition window starts with the advent of early athletes, it is necessary. As women's sports become a more financially viable career, more specialized sportsmen will follow in the footsteps of Hanan, Phag and Malti. But the growing body of research showed that at the early stage, specialization may lead to problems in sports sport and more vulnerable injuries to young athletes.
Specializing in one sport too early may drive children away from activity and get young athletes more vulnerable injuries.
Over the past decade, the specialty of children's norms has been due to various reasons. It is overloaded by media phenomenon as the Little League World Series, the final of which is both ESPN and ABC, and has more than a million viewers with a double number of WNBAs. It estimates thousands of YouTube video stars such as Sky Brown, a 10 year old surfer and skateboarder that aims to compete in the 2020 Olympics. Then 2.9 billion dollars in college sports scholarships, twice as many as 15 years ago. "Sports performance has always coincided with the American Dream," says Professor Met Bower, a University of Texas professor who studies the development of sportsmen. "It's better to work better with this type of means."
Private sports clubs have also been significantly strengthened in sports. They started with youth hockey teams in the 1970s and today almost all major sports, including soccer, basketball, baseball and tetris. These teams are open to kids as young as 6 years and up to 7 years, they will play for a year and often need a little more time for other sports or free performances. "Anybody who wants to run a private sports club wants to realize a year, because it's their livelihood," says Bower. "We must admit that part of the specialty is that it takes many people in financial interest to participate in special and yearly circles."
There is some intuition specialization approach. Would you like a good violin? Practice reading music and playing. Do you want to have good football? Playing soccer Although sports development is not linear: the so-called 10,000-hour rule does not apply. Many sports can really help young athletes receive important skills while focusing only one can end up hurting their long-term development.
One issue, says Bowers, is that the kids who specialize often do not take enough leisure time to make their bodies heal. This means more stress on ligaments, joints and muscles that wear out. Sometimes injuries can be cured with only a few other hair. But others have more serious consequences. One solid example is the dramatic increase between Tommy John's operations in young pitchers, the first lower limb emulsion limbing procedure adopted in 1979, which was first adopted. Main leagues. But the study in 2015 showed that between 2007 and 2011, 57 percent of Tom John's operations were adults.
Now there is not enough data on specific sports, but the sports medicine physician Neuru Jaiani, who studies at a specialty, estimates that the average can be doubled to young athletes. "These children have adult skills, but they are still in the baby's body," she says. "You have to remember that they are doing phenomenal things in the tennis court, but when you're talking about training loads and their ability to tolerate this week after week and year after year, they're still children."
Another issue for children who are specially very early is that they do not always develop a range of good motor skills. Practice jumping, shooting, sprinting, kicking and catching all contribute to a well-rounded athlete and a healthy child. When children perform only one sport, they have limited skills. But the unpredictability of the sport – a big jump that breaks the stray ball, sudden change can cause children not to do their bodies that are not competent, putting them at risk. "Early children have less coordinated funds," says Greg Byz, a doctor of the Sincent Children's Hospital.
Myers say that over time the burden may be solved, these coordination problems and bad mechanisms that affect the feet, knees, hippies and glutes can reach the age of athletes, resulting in acute tumors such as ACL tears. "Neuroplasticity, or how to improve our neuromuscular control, is open when the child is in early puberty in their adolescents," says the elderly, but older children get more difficult to imbalance.
Beyond physical damage, burnout is also a risk. The stories cautiously play Freddie Adu, a children's football prodigy who went to Pro 14, but never increased adult star man expected him to become. Thousands of young girls from all clubs of the club go to 23 world championships across the country. Putting adult pressure on young athletes drives some kids away. "We have a way to talk to kids and treat them like they are a little professional athlete robots, because we think they will enhance them up," says Bowers. "But many children are not emotionally prepared to cope with winning, losing, yelling."
Of course, if you want to go, you should take into account the final step. The researchers said that there is no magic number, high school should start concentrating on time. There are also ways to reduce the risk of injuries. Some coaches, for example, intentionally tailor the power and conditioning routes to help players with different motor skills, especially around appropriate jumping techniques. The leagues can reduce the number of games and practices. The US hockey has created its expectations to create an American model of development that focuses on age-related development. Young players use a small ring and encourage other sports like tennis during the summer. Other leagues, including US football, started suit.
But the results of American sports culture are more insane and long. "The bigger public health concern is that we're getting a small group that sports sports all the time and larger groups of kids who play video games," says Jait. Over the last few decades as private clubs have grown, local parks and recreational budgets have been reduced. Families who do not have expensive leagues or who do not have resources for endless practice and distant tournaments for children now have fewer options. The Aspen Institute found that two-thirds of low-income children do not play any sport at all. In comparison, annual household income was at least $ 100,000, playing 70% of the children.
The system also became self-sustaining. The more children participate in private clubs, the local recorders lose the good players and the coaches. The quality of play and coaching in these leagues reduces more parents to private parents for their own children. Park leagues managed to further reduce budgets. Tom Fearer, the director of the project at Aspen Institute, says that this system implies late bloomers who do not grow from their bodies to high school or college.
It is obvious that all these problems are solved. Play a lot of sports. Especially if you're a little kid. For example, Abby Wambach conducts his signature in football for his experiences, which he has basketball, where he learned how to find the ball in the arc and how to take his hand. Another solution is to stop thinking of children's sports as an elite competitor. "Childhood is a time of research," says Ferey. "Spend time doing something for them." This will help them in the long run. Nothing else, they are probably more fun.
More great WIRED stories