Diarrheal Disease, Preventive and Medicinal Disease, The second reason for death is the second reason for death in children under 5 and the common health threat to Africa. Researchers have now discovered how to increase the surface water surface dynamics of diarrhea and climate change for the vulnerability of the population.
Virginia Texas Natural Resources and Environment College Wild Professor Kathleen Alexander and Alexandra haneisa Jeffrey Shaman, in collaboration with the Columbia University School of Public Health carried out by researchers postman flood pulse influence the dynamics of the impact of diarrheal disease in the north of the river in Botswana chobes river qalmomaragebis system.
Research results were funded by the National Science Foundation PLOS medicine.
Alexander's research is focused on influencing communities which provide surface water in the Chauve River flooding system. This river system, like in other Africa, is experiencing an annual flood that is very variable, both seasonally and year-to-year.
Aleksandr and his team know if the surface water drainage contributes to the spread of diarrheal diseases and climate change, predicting flood and hydrological velocity can increase the population's vulnerability, diarrhea.
Despite the centralized infrastructural infrastructures, diarrheal disorders continue to cause a quasi-regular pattern in the region.
"It was a fundamental question for me," said Alexander. "These places do everything but local people will still be diagnosed with diarrhea disease, which infrastructure can not protect these communities and what should we do now to improve our health and future environmental conditions?"
Together with the partners of the Botswana government, researchers have evaluated episodes that are among eight villages and towns around the village of Chobe River, with dozens of data from 10 government health care institutions. They evaluated these data with detailed hydro meteorological conditions, including biomont water quality studies, which are decades old.
They found that the increase in diarrheal disease is closely linked to changes in rainfall, flood recession and surface water quality, a 1-meter drop in the dry season in the dry season which is associated with 16.7% of the diary disease up to 5 years.
Significant conclusion was that different age groups differ from the age of 1 to 4 years of age, when older children and adolescents react during reaction to the dry season. Diarrhea type is also quite different in season.
"What is telling us is that the environmental conditions are diagnosed with diarrhea, not just in cases of diarrhea and epidemics, but what affects and what kind of diarrhea can develop," says Alexander, a Virginia Institute for Life-Tutorial.
Adults and children were equally affected, suggesting that high HIV burden, such as North Botswana, diagnostic diagnostic and intervention strategies, should not be taken in other risk-free sectors.
Although the flooding of the region is often associated with other diseases of the disease, it was a water well from floods, which was closely linked to diarrheal diseases and degraded water in this study.
"This study shows complex relationships in humans, in wet and water cycle areas in wet and dry seasons," said Richard Jurtitz, Director of National Science Foundation Dynamics. . "A sample of water samples and water quality changes can help create water treatment systems that are responsible for the natural environment and natural environment."
The researchers found that the extreme variability of surface waters associated with annual rainfall and flood dynamics could be compromised by water pumps that require efficient use of precipitation and solid removal.
"This highly variable surface water dynamics is difficult in many water treatment plants, the potentially rising flood disease risk for the dependent population," said Alexander.
In South Africa, climate change has predicted that hydrological variation and frequency of extreme events, such as drought and flood, suggest that the dependent population will be more vulnerable to waterlessness.
"It is necessary to assess water infrastructure and to ensure that these systems are in the rapid shift of surface water quality," said Alexander.
Alexander emphasized that complex dynamics affecting diarrheal disease, emphasize the involvement of research measures, as a rule, does not include public health care.
"One scale of learning is often inadequate to understand today's difficult problems," he said. "Public health research should look beyond patient, multidisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches that apply to human environmental interfaces."
Alexander, Wild Veterinary, Disease Ecologist and African Resource Conservation Center (CARACAL) in Botswana, leads his research program to get acquainted with the factors influencing the emergence of novels and the existence of novel human nature. With a rhythm.