This is one of the most fundamental questions in neuroscience: how do you think people? Until recently, we looked at a far-reaching answer. However, the Norwegian Research Institute, Mike Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Institute (MPI CBS), Leipzig, Germany, and Institute of Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience, Norway, including Nobel laureate Edward I. The current issue of the magazine Science – People think of using their brain navigation system.
When we navigate our environment, two important cell types are active in our brain. Place cells in hippocampus and network cells in a neighboring envelope that creates a circuit that allows orientation and navigation. Scientists group suggests that our internal navigation system is much more than that. They say that this system is also important "thinking", explaining why our knowledge is in space.
"We believe that brains provide information in the so-called cognitive space, not just geographical data, but relationships between objects and experiences," explains Christian Doler, a senior paper writer and new director of CBS.
The term "cognitive space" implies psychiatric maps in which we experience our experience. Everything that we have, has physical properties, whether a person or an object, and therefore can be arranged according to different sizes. "If I think of cars, they can correct their engine power and equilibrium, we will have racing cars with strong engine and low weight, as well as a car with a weak engine and high weight, plus all combination," says Doyle. "We can think of our family members and friends, For example, their height, humor or income, including how high or short, humorous or hilarious or more or less rich. "attitude measures can be stored in the interest of individuals with mentally closer to or further away.
The theory of human thinking
In their proposal, Doeller and his team combine individual threads to evolve the theory of human thinking. The theory begins with the Nobel Prize laureate on the ground and in the swine cells in the brains of the rodents that later existed in humans. Types of both cells show that the sample of activity in the position of animal position, for example, forms of food. Each position in the space is represented by a unique pattern of activity. Together, the venue is a place and network cells allow to create a mental map environment that is kept and reactivated later on trips.
Regular activation pattern of influenza cells can also be observed in humans – but it is important not only through navigational geographical spaces. Guides cells are also active in the study of new concepts, as per the study, since 2016. In this study, volunteers learned to connect bird pictures that only changed the length of their neck and legs with different symbols such as tree or bell. The long neck and short legs on the bird are linked to the tree, while the bird's short neck and long legs belong to the bell. Thus, the concrete combination of the properties of the body was represented by the symbol.
After a brain scanner's memory test, volunteers indicated whether different birds were associated with one of the characters. It is interesting to activate the entrepreneurial cork, as well as in the navigation, the coordinated system of our thoughts.
"We think of connecting all these previous findings to the brain that keeps a psychiatric map, regardless of what you think in the real space or space of our thoughts, and our thoughts spaces together with different psychological dimensions," explains James Belmund.
"This process is especially useful about new facilities or situations, even if they have never experienced", – continues neurologist. Using existing maps of cognitive space, people can learn about what new things they already know about current measures. If they have already experienced tigers, lions and panthers, but I have never seen a leopard, we leopard in our positions in other large men. On the basis of our knowledge the concept of "big cat", which is already kept on a psychiatric map, we can adequately react to leopard. "We can generalize novel situations that are constantly visible and we'll see how to behave," says Belmund.