How to research glowing fungi can lead to the trees lighting our streets | Science


OhIn the depths of the night in the depths of Brazil, the only tropical forest of Brazil, you will probably see a small smear of light from the fire-fires or the funnel of the fungus on the wooden floor. Both effects are the result of biominesthesion, a particular peculiarity of some organisms, like night lighting.

Biomininescence has evolved over the decades of evolutionary history "invented" and serves to achieve different goals, attracting mates and predatory animals. Its existence in mushroom – a rare case of biologic discharge outside of animal and microbial world – is more mysterious. But scientists will be able to explain not only why the dark shine, but how – and it can be made of more bright trees as a street light novel.

Aristotle 382BC and Roman scholar Plinyus Echoes, who wrote three centuries after the effects of fungal bilimeninecin, when the damp "cold" of the damp wood was noted. Imaginous brilliant later became known as "foxfire", perhaps the old French word fois Which means "false" and phenomenon in many works of literature The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn When Tom Sawyer used it to light up the tunnel.

Naturalists have discovered fungal growth in the early 19th century as mines used as a source of bridge from the bridge source. Many fungi and mushrooms are known to be dark and brilliant remembered why it is an unusual product of metabolism that promotes advanced antipersier adaptation.

But the best explanation shows that night light attracts insects and other animals with fungi fruiting bodies that then extend spores far and wide. Cassius Stevani at São Paulo University in Brazil and colleagues demonstrated that the leak of plastic fungus on the wood floor is covered with green LED light, which corresponds to EI's biomouement Neonatapanus Gardner, Brilliant mushrooms that grow on the base of palm trees. He has found a light kind of insects and other creatures that would be good for spreading spores. They also showed that only biological activity occurred at night – a "useless product" theory. "The results show that bio-feeding can attract animals in the sport, and this extra gear may be useful for this mushroom, especially in the woods," said Stevie.

The exact method of how the mushroom can be created is the splendor of the splendor of the mystery remained unchanged, in contrast to light emissions pigments that are used in many other forms that can produce biomines.

But now the team of Krasnoyarsk Institute of Krasnoyarsk, led by Konstantin Purtovi and Bio-Organic Chemistry Institute, led by Ilya Yampolsky will eventually end the chemical structure of fungal protein, which was created by foxfire ghostly glow. They did this conceptual approach to mushroom, which was not brilliantly dark, because they were thinking that the substances used to substitute biologic substance in the name of Louisfrin could be easily found – and they were right.

"The fungicide biomimetric mechanism suggests that Lucifer develops from a predecessor," says Yampolsky. "It has been established that Lucifer's predecessor is also represented in the molluscopic forests, and the most important is 100 times richer than in the biomass of light, so it was clear that the predecessor was removed from the fermented mushrooms."

The term "Lucifer" was first revealed by the French chemist Rafael Dubeyo at the end of the 19th century, which was built by pressing and bilwier mollusks. He gave the name Lucifer for the substance that can be in the air oxidised, enzyme luciferase with the help of emit green-bluish light.

But Yampolsky and his colleagues found that bioluminescent fungi use the type luciferin quite different from the eight other classes of molecules have been chemically described in the animal and microbial world. He and his team have effectively discovered the 9th Lucifer and first discovered in the world of fungal plants.

"Mushroom luciferin is chemically linked to other well-known luciferins, so it is a completely different mechanism of light emission, which is important in terms of photochemistry, biochemistry and evolution, and it allows to search for unknown fungus luciferasas," said Yampolsky. "Unlike other lucifens, fungus liqueurs correspond to plant biochemistry and I think it will eventually enable the creation of an autonomous luminescence plant that does not require any lucifer's external addition but biosynthesis can be self-sustaining."

This will be a key breakthrough, for example, genetically modified trees, which are characterized by dark and are a source of street lighting. The idea is not as crazy as it seems. The Glowing Factory Project, the first crowdfunding campaign for synthetic biology application, supports Harvard genetics George Church, who once said "even a weak glowing flower will be a big icon".

Animals that shine in the dark

Deep sea anglerfish places bioluminescent bacteria tip for long appendage.



Deep sea anglerfish places bioluminescent bacteria tip for long appendage. Photo: Alamy Stock Photo

Deep sea angle
In the darkness of the deep ocean, no one can hear screams in the dark,The bedrocked veal). Engeri fish wisely places bioluminescent bacteria tip with a long supplement that hovers invitingly in its open mouth. This is a good example of a biological minimum when something is not everything that is in nature.

Dinoflagellates
It flows into the ocean surface of the Little Marine Planck and shows one of the most spectacular screens of the massive biomedical nature of nature when the ocean's territorial territories are overnight. Laboratory experiments show that the phenomenon may begin to predator, breaking their nutritional behavior and giving the dinofagal during the break. One theory is that this phenomenon acts as an attraction of grape alarms, which is a great deal of treatment for dinosaurs.

Firefighters
Bergamomtania is probably the best and most well-known example of biominering. Row controls the light that emits light from the body and conjugates with other chemicals involved in the reaction of oxygen light emissions, including lucrifine and bio-fluorescence enzyme luciferae. As larvae, light acts as predators that they are not very pleasant and as adults, light is used to identify members of the same species and to attract the opposite sex.

Fishermen trawl network containing a glowing firefly squid off the coast of Namerikawa town of Japan.



Fishermen trawl network containing a glowing firefly squid off the coast of Namerikawa town of Japan. Photo: AFP / Getty Images

Firefly Squid
Some species of squid use bioluminescent bacteria provide counter-lights in their bodies on the underside so that they are more hidden against the background of the sea surface when viewed below. This creates a squid more difficult to see predators by looking at molluscs from deep depths.

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