The grain sector may soon use almost half of our greenhouse gas emissions budget, with a new study of 1,5˚C to maintain global warming. Researchers urge people to review meat and milk consumption.
Several reasons for the reduction of meat consumption – especially red meat. Even ignoring the ethical argument, the meat experiences ecological problems. For example, cow production requires more water than other, even nutritious options. Intensive livestock production also requires a large number of crops, which translates to an extremely high land plot. Due to the obvious resource-oriented perspective, the latest research found that more than 80% of breeding cattle are consumed, but only 18% are food calories and 37% of human consumption proteins. Even worse, the meat is also responsible for the benefits of our greenhouse gas emissions.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that anthropogenic greenhouse gases account for about 14.5% (including poultry), and recent research has shown that reduction in meat consumption is necessary to prevent dangerous climate change, especially the global population.
"10 billion people may be able to eat food, but only if we prepare food and prepare food," said poet Johan Rokström, at the Dutch Climate Impact Research Institute. "Cultivating the food sector or eating our planet: that's what the menu is today."
Now, a new study by Harvard Law School, Helen Harvey, Animal Law and Policy concluded that if we want to limit climate change, we need more protein from vegetable sources than animals.
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The article reported that the world's livestock is about 28 billion animals. This industry is the top source of two main greenhouse gases: methane and nitrogen oxide. Despite the fact that it has a relatively short-term viability of carbon dioxide, it has 85 times larger global warming than carbon dioxide for 20 years. As a result of the growth of the industry, emissions of maternal septic methane will increase by 60% by 2030 – time periods when our planet needs reduction and no emissions increase.
"Livestock sector's significant contribution to the global greenhouse gas and methane dominance is to make significant contributions to animals in the shift of animal proteins to achieve Parisian temperatures and reduce warming in the short term, and in equal conditions," Harwatt said.
He continued to say that global leaders should start to focus on this issue, namely, on the Climate Change (COP24) at the United Nations meeting.
"Protein metabolism in plants in order to protect the animals and the risk of possible temperatures in excess of additional goals, and unrealistic, other sectors will require the reduction of greenhouse gas. 2020 Paris agreement with the national contribution to the current review of the animal to integrate perfectly integrated plant proteas He drifts. In the next stage, COP24 in December will provide an excellent opportunity for politicians to start this important conversation. "
Harwatt also laid out a skeleton plan to start work on reducing meat consumption:
- Recognizing that the current number of cattle imposes their peak and needs to be reduced ("peak cattle");
- Emissions of high greenhouse gases such as beef, beef milk and pork ("the worst first" approach) starting from food from cattle products to create specific targets;
- Assessment of assessment criteria for appropriate replacement products including greenhouse gas emissions targets, land use and public health benefits ("Best Accessible Food Approach").
He also expressed hope that this initiative can fulfill promising companies to reduce the production of animal products – "the worst first" and change the best available food.
"The Food Sector is already progressing on these issues and demonstrating that commercially effective animals are involved in protein shifts, we need politicians to create Paris-containing nourishment systems to be much larger and recycling changes in plant-based proteins."
Journal Reference: Including animals including climate change mitigation policies protein changes: proposed three steps strategy; Climate policy; https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2018.1528965; Helen Harvat
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