Labor treatments, including modern slavery, are "covered subsidies" that will allow distant water fishing fleets to remain profitable and promote unnecessary, new research from the Western Australian University Around the sea The initiative was found at the University of British Columbia.
Combine fishing data Around the sea Initiatives on UBC's latest slavery find that researchers found that countries whose fleets are strong on government subsidies, fish inside the fish, and can not carry out their actual catch, exacerbate high risk of labor disorders beyond sustainable limits.
"In China, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea and Russia vessels vessels are especially high because of the difficulties of jurisdiction in the sea, it's easier for hours to work for people, often with staggering conditions as much as possible of fish in exchange for low or zero payback" , – said the Western Australian University Dmanisi research director David tiklerma.
Global marine fish takes over 1.2 million tons from the 1990s, the only way that many industrial flags could have been "profitable", is the government subsidies. However, labor costs typically only reduce the wages and conditions of the worker.
"The absence of control over these boats makes them a source of abuse, as well as other crimes, including illegal fishing, as well as promoting crossbashers where many fishing vessels often gather in the landing and thus the sea is illegally or under conditions of modern slavery laundered by mixing it legally To get caught Find the fish, before it enters the supply chain, "said Daniel Pauly, co-author of the study and chief investigator Around the sea The initiative at the UBC ocean and fish institute.
This is how the "low slavery risk" markets, such as the US, the EU and Australia, will end the consumer seafood that can be caught by modern slaves.
"Despite the fact that the average US slavery risk is low in the United States, the United States accounts for about 14%, and those imports are 17 times more than the US fish fleet fish fish," said co-driver Dirk Zeller, Leader Around the sea – Indian Ocean Initiative in UWA
The imported seafood is jointly combined with the catch of the US-fleet. "In the United States, seafood made available to local consumers is eight times more or more developed with contemporary slavery, which makes the choice of stability and social justice very difficult," says Jessica Meeuwig, Director of Marine Futures Laboratory UWA and co-author.
Against these conclusions, researchers demand strengthening of national legislation so that environmental and social elements of sustainable seafood can be checked transparently. "It's more risky with responsibility for large seafood corporations, which often have the best impact on the feeder behavior and who can even know that modern slavery is now available," said Philo David. Global Slavery Index
Materials provided British Columbia University. Note: Edit content for style and length.