No one ever said a strange thing – the cross bears and monkeys – before the great depression started. Last summer, an amateur biologist blocked the Wondiwoi tree kangaroo at the time of trekking through Papua New Guinea. Revelation emphasizes how little we know about the natural world – the main obstacle to conservation.
The research conducted by the new Stanford supports a kind of approach in the field of protection of all types – we know and, like the Canberra, they do not even know the need for protection. This conservation scheme focuses on what is known ecoregions. These are geographically unique regions such as deserts and tropical forests that contain plants and animals of different species.
Scientists have long considered how well the ecoregion is bordering communities of individual species. If the boundaries are strong, ecoregion protection, as well as tropical forests, will effectively protect all species. If not, each species should be separately – much more uncertainty, especially when we do not know some species.
A new study has been published Nature ecology and evolution, Provides solid evidence that ecoregions do greatly divide plants and animal communities. This opens a new conservation approach that will lesser and more effectively protect the lesser known species such as tree canargo and valuable natural services such as disease control and water filtration.
"Environmental protection is limited to the lack of financing and other resources," said Geoffrey Smith, a graduate student at Stanford of Biology. "Ecoregions give us a way to effectively allocate limited financing."
Knowledge of the gap
Reliable, scientifically based conservation depends on the types of depth of information, their habitats and their population numbers – a specific level of deficit for the majority of species and all over the world. Depth, daily and their co-authors make a deep dive in the plant and animal biodiversity data such as US Forestry Service and Global Biodiversity Information Agency, researchers for distribution of citizen's science and museum data.
Therefore, they have found support for all species – even high mobile animals – as clusters with ecoregions around the world. These results are beyond the previous case, which, first of all, the ecosomics are characterized by only plant themes.
"It's important to have important conclusions," says Stanford's biologist, Gertchen Daily. "They reflect where and how to guide conservation and restoration to people and nature."
Earth's life support systems are much less studied in the future planet. Establishment of ecoregions is important for dividing different types of communities, which will enable scientists and decision-makers to think more conservatively about the conservation plans of these sectors. This holistic approach to biological diversity provides a guarantee of natural services that can provide a variety of ecosystems for plants, insects, mushrooms and small spine.
The authors argue that ecoregions are one of many factors that should be considered when developing a conservation strategy. This is an approach in several important global conservation organizations, such as nature conservation and WWF, as well as federal agencies like the US Environmental Protection Agency.
"Before environmental conservation is limited to financing and other resources, scientific and practical questions are essential to how effectively financing the maximization of conservation achievements," Smith said.
Materials provided Stanford University. Note: Edit content for style and length.