Fungi and other filamentous microbes called oomycetes cause many devastating plant diseases and are responsible for over 10% of all crop loss. An innovative new study shows that healthy plants are potentially harmful fungi and warriors in plant roots. Due to illness, they do not cause a wide range of different bacteria that regulate the balance between different microorganisms in plant roots and thus in the nature of plant survival. This is a research report published in the journal CELL Headed by Stephen Hockord and Paul Schulz-Lefert, Germany, in Columbia, the Plant Livestock Research Max Planck Institute.
The soil has microbial diversity and the number of different microbial organisms, such as bacteria, fungi and warriors. These microbes are known from the life of different kingdoms in complex relationships, and together with a small subset, "root microbiota", able to colonize healthy plant roots. Plants are called soils and their lower and surface parts are constantly guarded by various microbial pathogens. The innate immune system developed for a long time is known for plant protection against these harmful microbes, but it is unclear whether these plants are sufficient to fully protect plant plants. It is not known whether microbiotics interaction between the microbial colonization of the roots and the promotion of plant health.
The research team presented these questions for the first time by describing various microbes related to the roots of healthy plants of different geographical areas of Arabiopsis thaliana model plants and surrounding soil. Although the fundamental fungal and waricas have been shown to have great differences between different monuments, bacterial communities have a much more similar structure that reflects potentially important functions of this main bacteria. In addition, the authors found a potential signature of interaction between bacteria and threaded microbes in the roots that contribute to the basic niche.
Even if the different microorganisms take part in plant roots, the researchers first planted a healthy microbiotic of Arabian Tylianan, based on the root of the bacteria, the fungi and the warriors of pure bacteria. After a reconstructive approach, they have introduced various combinations of bacteria, fungi and oomycetes to the germ-free plants to test the impact of these different microbial groups in plant health. Using this system, scientists have noted that in the survival of vegetation, the existence of fungi and warfare depends entirely on the presence of bacteria. These bacteria promote plant health by limiting the growth of fungi and warriors. Furthermore, several individual bacteria of the consortium were sufficient for this protective activity, indicating that the protection of plants in the widespread pharmacokinetics is associated with root associated bacteria.
"We have proven that the immune system of plants is not enough to protect against soil and the associated associated fungi and warriors, and that the bacteria associated with the roots provide an enhanced immune function that is essential for the vegetation of nature," says Dr. Hacquard. Authors conclusions will promote probiotic bacteria or bacterial communities that provide health care for agricultural crops. The group is now interested in determining the genes and molecules of this protective function of bacteria.
Materials provided Max Planck Plant Plant Research Institute. Note: Edit content for style and length.