Geologists working at the Singapore National University found that coastal plants such as mangroves, segregation and salt marshes may be the most effective habitats to reduce carbon emissions.
The study, conducted by the Department of Geography at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Faculty of Social Sciences, indicates that countries may expand the coastal zones in the expansion of these ecosystems and their fossil fuels. These results were published in the Royal Society Journal Biology Letters 24 October 2018. In parallel with the Paris Agreement, all nations, which will become neutral in the future, aim to use these natural ecosystems to achieve this goal.
Impact on the coastline
In the coastal strip known as the "blue carbon" ecosystem, it can grow rapidly and have organic carbon accumulation in the water wells that surround it. Hence, blue carbon vegetation, such as mangroves, is more efficient to store carbon, as well as other ecosystems, such as tropical tropical forests.
On the global scale, the blue carbon effect is reduced because of the limited number of these coastal regions. In fact, in 2014, 0.42% of the global carbon emissions caused by these ecosystems have been reduced. However, for countries with extensive coastal zones, moderate carbon emissions and limited non-proliferation, these habitats can be effectively equipped with fossil fuel emissions caused by human activity.
Blue carbon variation between countries
The study showed that Nigeria, Colombia and Bangladesh, which account for more than 50 countries of the world's fuel emissions, will only reduce their carbon emissions by more than 1% in 2014.
"In 2014, Columbia had a 1,700 square kilometer surface cover and 23 million tonnes of carbon emissions every year. Our study suggests that the yearly 260,000 tons of emissions have been observed if the national carbon emissions are reduced and the rest should be restored, the percentage will be even greater "- explains Research P The author is Dr. Pier Tarardad, who conducted research with the NUS Geography Department and the NUS Tropical Marine Science Institute.
"We thought that this approach would be interesting in such countries as Indonesia and Malaysia because they are distinguished by their coastal stripes due to their large coastal stripes, but in both countries the high rate of forests in both countries actually reduces the importance of this natural carbon secretion process." Taillardat continued.
In Malaga, hydrocarbon was found to be the source of hydrocarbons, because when they are transformed into other land use, this creates long-term carbon repairs and carbon emissions. Similarly, in Indonesia, mangroves only decreased by 0.4 percent of the national carbon emissions in 2014, as the mangrove deforestation offset much of the carbon soaked in the ecosystem.
However, an assistant professor at the NUS Geography Department Massimo Lopaski and one of the co-authors says that if concerns are suspended, Malaysian natural carbon emissions could be reduced by around 1.6%. In Indonesia, it would be more effective, which reduces carbon emissions by 2.6%.
Environmental Impact Restriction
The results show that conservation and restoration of blue carbon ecosystems is a direct way to alleviate the effect of climate change, other than those benefits that these ecosystems provide for people. Revelation that mangroves and other blue carbon ecosystems such effective collectors carbon led scientists back training to raise their protection.
"Restoration of pollution should not be difficult if it is done correctly, it will only begin to develop new trees for a few years, for example, to create similar conditions for natural forests, for example the expansion of habitats and the increased carbon production," said Associate Professor Daniel Fries, NUS Department of Geography epartamenti, which is co-author of another study.
Ultimately, these studies can influence the fact that individual countries have endorsed the end of the Paris Agreement, which states that countries must destroy the same carbon emissions as 2100. Researchers believe that the expansion of blue carbon ecosystems can achieve this goal more.
Dr. Taylor notes that "prior to the use of land plots and economic contribution to the extraction of high minerals, ecosystems, along with high carbon segmentation potentials of ecosystems, is one of the cheapest options that will contribute to the Paris Agreement."
Mapping blue carbon mangroves in the world
Pierre Taillardat et al. Mitigation of mitigation measures for climate change Blue carbon strategies are the most effective at national level, Biology Letters (2018). DOI: 10.1098 / rsbl.2018.0251