Nearly 30 people were killed and thousands of homes burned as wildfires erupted in Australia, but it is wildlife that has caused most of the landfill.
An Australian wildlife researcher estimates that more than a billion wild animals will be killed in the current wildfire. This figure includes animals killed by fires, as well as those who die from hunger and lack of shelter as a result of habitat loss.
Now Tufts has been auditioned by five Cummings school graduates and faculty in Australia to learn about the impact of wildfires on animals – wildlife and livestock – and how Tufts can benefit the community.
Kelly Donitan, VG12, Senior Specialist in Disaster Operations at Humane Society International (HSI), found it difficult to believe that there might be so many people before she arrived on Kangaroo Island to save wildlife. Almost half of the island's 1,700-square-mile south of Adelaide burned almost half of the island, killing only about 30,000 koalas.
His scene was "apocalyptic," he said. "No color, just dusty everywhere." While the fire is still raging on the island, he and other HSI staff are looking for animal survivors. "Our efforts are, first and foremost, to reduce and eliminate individual suffering," said Donathan, who received an M.S. In Cummings School of Conservation Medicine.
Donitan has never seen so many dead animals during the disaster. “The land is only decorated with corpses. You won't be able to walk a few feet until you have another hand, ”he said. "You will find unusual bodies of koala females with their joists lying next to them, but also walls, kangaroos and scorpions." (Wallabies are marsupials and goannas are lizards.)
The widespread destruction of vegetation is "a starvation event for many animals that did not die in the burn," said Donathan.
Reasons for leaving
Still, "the remaining animals move around and look for food," said Donathan. Rescuers used to buy rescued animals daily, even in areas where the fires were burning a week ago.
While the news reports have shown that the koalas live quietly in rescuers 'cars or sit on rescuers' nests, we may be grateful for the help they received, their behavior showing how much stress they have experienced.
"If I can get closer to building a koala, we know it's compromised," Donnathan said. "First of all, because they are on the ground, which never happens, and because they will never let them get close to normal. So far I have only had one attempt. Away ("Some species, such as kangaroos and birds, are still actively trying to avoid catching, despite significant heat stress or injury, Donathan said.)
Although the coals usually hydrate the leaves of their slices, several of them immediately drank water from the cups offered by the rescuers. "They're just like that, thirsty," said Donatin.
Rescuers on Kangaroo Island have also damaged vehicles, if necessary, or heat-affected animals for medical assistance. Donathan estimates that hundreds of animals were taken to a military-style hospital set up in South Australia by the Veterinary Emergency Management at Kangaroo Island Wildlife Park for treatment and treatment. He said 80% of them were survivors of injuries so far, but the long-term prognosis of the animals has been preserved.
The number of animals saved eventually "disappoints with the number of dead." Said Donathan. But the HSI team continues to gain hope and motivation from each animal they find alive. "The mantra of our team has become 'one by one'."
"They're still there," he said. "Last night, in the area where we did not search the first day, I could not find anything. I heard the birds. I started walking towards them and ended up searching for a young koala at the bottom of the tree. Then we brought in three other survivors from the area, including a female koala with a small rose Dr. Joy had her purse, which still works well. "
A huge undertaking
Veterinarian Casey Gibbons Tucker, V13, north of Kangaroo Island, Veterinarian, is treating animals injured in the crash that occurred in December.
The small animal clinic where Tucker works around Christmas has caused a large influx of wildlife cases that have either burned down or been heavily affected by nearby fires.
In addition to wildlife cases reported for one day's work, Tucker volunteered at the Kola Temporary Hospital, which is controlled by the Adelaide Koala Rescue School in the elementary school hall. ("It's summer, so students are on summer holidays at the end of January," said Tucker. "The rescue team is working on a new location when school starts again.")
Tucker said more than 100 koalas live in the pens in the hall, staffed all day by volunteer veterinarians, veterinary nurses and nonmedical volunteers. "Not everybody in Koala has a burn," Tucker said. "But many of them are ill. Some have heat stress. The South Australian coals are prone to kidney disease. Unfortunately, we see many of them passing on kidney failure, which seems to exacerbate stress and dehydration."
Speaking with Thacker, heat-stressed animals need treatment for rehydration, food supply and time for rest and healing.
"Providing proper nutrition is very difficult, especially given that coals only eat certain types of eucalyptus leaves," said Claire Sharp, an assistant professor at Cummings School, an elderly lecturer and emergency and critical care veterinarian at Perth Murdoch University. "So the supply of fresh leaves leaves many people day-to-day and at home." Burn care is also very intense – requiring frequent bandage changes in burn areas and pain relief to keep the animals as comfortable as possible.
A long and difficult recovery
Another important consideration in veterinary and asylum response is infection control. "First of all, burnt skin is very susceptible to infection," said Sharp. "Second, keeping the population of Koala isolated from different areas is very important."
For example, Kangaroo Island is home to Australia's only resident colonies, free of chlamydia, with a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes blindness, female infertility and death in the koalas. "For this reason, it is vital for the survival of the koala from one territory that is not mixed with another from the coalition. Otherwise, the disease can be transmitted to naive populations, which could endanger their health. "
Many rescue teams take care of most orphans, some with burns, but without many injuries. – Routes protected by fires in mothers' sacks. Rockley Wombats, a wildlife refuge in the Vombian Caves, about 100 miles south-west of Sydney, gives an idea of what it costs to help wildlife, said Esty Yanko, VG16.
"Their property was completely burnt down," said Yanko, whom M.S. In Conservation Medicine from Tufts and completing his PhD. In Socio-Ecology, Sydney University of Technology Conservation Center. "They are now distributing water and giving food to all the animals that they have rescued and released near them. They cost at least $ 80 a day. ”
Feed drops are found on animals that remain in isolated bush areas where they have no food left, Scharf said, and hopefully enough for the bush to recover quickly enough to provide them with food.
Much of Australia's landscapes and vegetation is refractory. Eucalyptus trees need fire or heat to survive, said Robin Alders, a professor at nearby Cummings School, an almost lifelong resident of Australia who grew up on a cow and sheep ranch.
But "the fires were so hot that in many places, everything was on fire," Alder said. "The fire and the heat of the fire may make it difficult for certain subfamilies to be able to shoot a small amount. It will probably be ten to twenty years before we know the full impact. "
A nation under stress
Clearly, wildlife in Australia is not the only one hurting. More than 17.9 million acres have been burnt in six Australian states. New South Wales has suffered the worst, and more than 100 fires are still burning there. Some of the largest fires have been burning for months.
Also, sheep and cattle died. According to the Wall Street Journal, in New South Wales alone, more than 6,200 cattle were killed in the fire. Meanwhile, according to the Washington Post, Australian agriculture officials say at least 100,000 cattle will die before the fire is over.
On Kangaroo Island, Donitan said some farmers lost thousands of sheep a day. ”ეს წარმოადგენს არამარტო საარსებო წყაროს მასობრივ დარტყმებს, არამედ წარმოუდგენელ ემოციურ გადასახადსაც,” – თქვა მან. ”იმდენი, რამდენადაც HSI აქ არის ველური ბუნებისთვის, ჩვენ გვინდა, რომ აქ ვიყოთ საზოგადოებისთვისაც”.
ავსტრალიის ხანძარსაყრელ "Galapagos" – ზე ცხოველების გადასარჩენად.
S.O.S. ავსტრალიის ველური ბუნებისთვის (2020 წ., 24 იანვარი)
მოძიებულია 2020 წლის 24 იანვარს
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