Spring, prevent intestinal infectious diseases

Spring is a period of active growth of various bacteria and viruses, and the incidence of intestinal infectious diseases is higher than that of other seasons. Professor Zhu Liying, deputy dean of the Fourth Hospital of Harbin Medical University and director of the Department of Infectious Diseases, reminded the public that most intestinal infectious diseases may have nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite and other intestinal symptoms, some accompanied by fever, headache, and limb pain. Symptoms of systemic poisoning, if not treated promptly, can cause serious complications. Active prevention is necessary.

What are the intestinal infectious diseases?

Common cholera is common in intestinal infections.

Common type B intestinal infectious diseases include viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, hepatitis E), bacterial dysentery, amoebic dysentery, typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever, and polio.

There are various other infectious diarrheal diseases such as viral gastroenteritis and diarrhea in tourists.

How is intestinal infection spread?

Pathway: A large number of pathogens are present in the feces (including urine) and vomit of patients with intestinal infectious diseases. The pathogen is excreted through the patient’s excrement, contaminating water, food and hands, or transmitted to healthy people through vectors such as flies, so that healthy people get sick.

The majority of intestinal infectious diseases are related to the use of unclean water sources and unclean diets. As long as you pay attention to personal hygiene, you can prevent eating intestinal diseases by eating “cooked food, drinking boiled water, washing hands frequently”. .

How to prevent

Patients should be vaccinated against infectious diseases in a timely manner.

cut off the source of infection. Intestinal infectious diseases are caused by invading the intestines through contaminated food, drinking water, hands, cockroaches and flies. To prevent infectious diseases in spring, we must pay attention to personal hygiene and protection, and develop good hygiene habits. Wash your hands with running water and soap immediately before and after meals, after returning home, sneezing, coughing, playing cards, and cleaning your nose.

Attention to cold and warm, active participation in physical exercise, enhance physical fitness.

A reasonable arrangement of food. Add enough water, eat less spicy, greasy food, eat lean meat, eggs, fresh fruits and vegetables, etc., rich in high-quality protein, trace elements of food.

Liu Yu

Tomorrow theme: How to effectively screen early cancer