The ancient Egyptian poetry has led to the discovery that can be explained by the pyramids built

What started with the expedition in the Giza about the pygmy discovery of the ancient Egyptian ceremonies. In my colleagues and I in the English-French joint archeological mission in the area of ​​the oldest quarry in Hetubüe recently revealed a well-preserved bore well in the Great Pieriod, about 4,500 years ago.

We think it will significantly change the theories about how the monuments worked, which had a lot of boilers. This may prove to be evidence that the pulses were tested hundreds of years earlier than previously documented.

The rock-cut ramp is the two waves of rocky stairs, cutting off post-holes, which were originally worn by wooden trees, have long died. The pattern of post holes is well maintained that we can start reconstruction of the pulse system that would be used to open large blocks of open door quarry.

Ancient ramp. Roland Enmarch, the author provided

Some pedestals would be above the blocks that were directly put on top of them, others pulled out of the blocks below. Their ropes would be bombarded with post holes and joined the blocks of the alabas, so that both groups were forbidden to leave the gates.

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This stone haulage system effectively utilizes limited available space ramp, and it is reasonable to suggest that the same pulley technology has also been used for building a great pyramid. Despite the fact that the pulley systems are well known in Greek civilizations BC In the first millennium, Hetnub's evidences are much more likely to be used during their use, as it sets the Greek evidence about two thousand years ago.

Steep incline. Roland Enmarch, the author provided

Hatnub haulage ramp is also much steeper than most previous reconstructions on Egyptian haulage ramps. This is important because one of the longest protests against the theory, which was built by the Great Pyramid, was built using one of the enormous ramps, a huge volume of such a sound (which would be larger than the big pyramid). With a much more strict gradient, the length and length of such a ship would be much smaller, it was suggested that this old theory should be more serious.

Many other theories have previously suggested how a great pyramid was built. For example, the ramp can have a coiled around the side of the pyramid. There are also many suggestions that include levers and similar mechanisms. (And, of course, there are always people who do not have the ability to accept human explanation and instead of bringing foreigners or Atlantis). The merit of our recent discoveries is that we provide solid archaeological evidence that we can use to test theories.

Ancient inscriptions

These discoveries were developed by the Liverpool University Joint Expedition with the Institute of Oriental Archeology, Cairo, in Hutnub, which is about 20 kilometers from the Nile in the middle east of the East Egypt. This quarry was the most prestigious source of Egyptian alpha, a Milky Way white transparent stone that Egyptians used to make ships, sculptures and architectural objects.

Our original purpose was to record live inscriptions from 425 to 4000 years ago. I started my career in studying Egyptian poetry, but found that potential poetry potential would be useful in career. So now I'm studying these texts in the Egyptian script, which is known as hierarchical.

We have excluded more than 100 unsubstantiated texts that offer a wealth of information about the organization and logistics that has arisen in the gate to remove the alabaster. They refer to the royal patronage, hundreds of expedition staff (and, sometimes, thousands), the number of blocks and the time spent in their final direction.

Stone inscriptions. Roland Enmarch, the author provided

Some of the inscriptions in the longer term will try to convince future guests that their predecessors are good people and need to be honored (and sacrificed) after their death. In the 21st century we will be able to open the "wall". But in Hetnub we have a true Bronze Age Wall, whose texts are spoken over the years and create solidarity among those who came to career, from generation to generation.

Recently we have improved our work (and our team) in order to register extensive archeological properties around the most well-preserved Bronze Age Industrial Landscape around the Career. We collect analytics and analysis of stone tools that are dictating to the site, which results in the process of obtaining blocking blocks. Through experimental archeology, we learn how fast the end of the alley is before it becomes disclosed and aggravated.

We also study the oldest path that connects the quarry to the Nile Valley, a haven of hundreds of simple dry stone that is used by employers for residential and stoneworking. We have simple dry stone religious cairns and other structures possible ritual function. Waste clearing period from recent waste disposal is part of our wide range of contexts.

Our ultimate goal is to learn all the aspects of stone exploration and transport in Hetnab, integrating rich text and archeological evidence with more holistic understanding of ancient Egypt observations. Some sites offer range and diversity proof that survived Hatnub. We have many years of work; The potential for further interesting discoveries is great.

Roland Namar, Senior Lecturer in Egypt, Liverpool University

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