The Great Hadron Collider was renewed for renovation – up to 2021


The world's largest particle accelerator (LHC) receives a dignified break – just as preparations take place. Unlike at that time in 2016 when weasel Through the axis of axis, this time all goes according to the plan: it is not a failure, but the preparation is updated.

Image Credits: CERN.

When you turn on the computer and turn it off, that's it. If you need software updates, most of them need to be installed in a few minutes. But if your computer operates a 27-kilometer intensive particle accelerator, things are not as simple. The scientists of the European Organization for CERN (CERN) should spend the next two years fulfilling the work and improve their capabilities.

Part of the LHC particle collision was generated by large volume data, more than 300 petabytes (300 million gigabytes) stored in CERN data center fiber libraries. As CERN's last statement explains, it is "a 1000-year equivalent of 24/7 video part." So far, this data has been impressive results, and in particular,

"In addition to many other beautiful results, LHC experiments have made great progress in understanding the properties of Higgs boson in recent years," says CERN's CEO Fabio Gianot. "Higgs boson is a special particle that differs from other elemental particles, its properties can give us useful scores beyond the standard model of physics."

The next prospect of experiments increases more energy into collisions. In order to achieve this goal, several components of the accelerator chain (injectors), which together with the protons will store LHC, will be updated to provide more intense rays. Detectors (which monitor the results of the particle collision) and will also be replaced by other parts, as well as the software upgrade.

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"The second prospect of LHC is impressive, since we could have done beyond our tasks and expectations, which produces 5 times more data than in the first round of 13 TeV's unprecedented energy [terra-electronVolt], – says Frédérick Bordry, CERN Director of Accelerators and Techniques. "This second long shutdown is now, we will train the car even more collisions for the design of the energy 14 TeV."

In itself, 14 TeV is notable; In comparison, 1 TeV is the energy needed for mosquito flight – but instead of mosquito all this energy is concentrated in one particle crash, trials and trines than mosquito. More intensive rays will allow CERN scientists to break the particles of the particles earlier than the LHC's "next level" and a new complex of experiments.

All this will take only two years – if everything goes according to plan, of course.

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